Kansan Reef

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Selecting an aquarium setup right for you

Starting a new aquarium can be a challenging task. To ensure the health of the animals and the sanity of the owner, you should consider the level of care you’re willing to provide the aquarium, the type of animals you can keep, the size aquarium you will need and how many fish you can keep, given all other factors. The chart below is from information gathered from the New Aquarium Set-Up articles from Drs. Foster and Smith. Follow the chart to determine what aquarium setup is right for you.

Starting_a_New_Aquarium

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LED Lighting: is it up to par for reef aquariums?

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Transcript of the video.

LED lighting is becoming a popular alternative way to light aquariums, however many LED fixtures may not be ready to grow corals in reef aquariums.

Lack of the correct variety in light spectrum and less water penetration can reduce coral and plant growth, both of which are things to consider when thinking of buying LED lighting.

“If you want to get the quality of a fluorescent, with the same type of spectrum, you’d have to buy a more expensive LED,” Ian Higby, an aquatics specialist at Pet World Inc., Lawrence, Kan.

Vinton Ebling, owner of Paradise Aquatics, Overland Park, Kan., said a full spectrum LED lighting fixture can cost as much as $600, where a comparable metal halide lighting setup will cost about $350.
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Reef aquarium “hitchhikers” can cause serious injury

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Transcript of the video.
Reef aquarium “hitchhikers,” or things introduced to the aquarium accidentally, can cause serious injury to reef aquarium hobbyists.

Seized corals find new home at The Deep

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Corals illegally harvested in the Cook Islands have found a new home at The Deep aquarium, Hull, Yorkshire, United Kingdom. The corals were being transported through London Heathrow Airport, where authorities said the transporters had “invalid Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species documents.”
Source: BBC News
Photo Source: The Deep

Xanthic Triggerfish finds its way to New York

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A Xanthic  Triggerfish (Balistapus undulatus) recently arrived at Elos Aquastudio New York.  The Xanthic Trigger was collected in the Maldives and made its way to Elos Aquastudio via Russo’s Reef, an aquarium trade wholesaler. Elos is unsure whether they will sell the Xanthic or keep it as a store mascot. Xanthic Triggers can fetch prices upwards of $3000.
Source/Photo Source: Reef Builders

Aquarium trade and exotic fish are now invasive in U.S. waters

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What can we do to help control invasive species?
Below is an excerpt from an interview with Hannah Owens.

Transcript of the interview excerpt. 
Fish commonly kept in the home aquarium are turning up in waters in the United States, according to the Southeast Fisheries Science Center, SEFSC. Hobby fish, such as lionfish, humpback grouper and clown triggerfish, are now considered invasive in the Southeast United States, according to the SEFSC.

“There’s no way for a reef fish from the Pacific, that’s tropical, to get to the Atlantic, unless somebody’s helping it,” Hannah Owens, a graduate student of ichthyology at the University of Kansas, said.

Studies have shown that lionfish have been introduced into the Gulf of Mexico multiple times, Owens said. A prevailing hypothesis is that somebody had an aquarium that they no longer wanted and dumped it, “it was definitely more than one introduction,” Owens said.
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Decline in reef growth indicates chronic stress factors

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Coral reef growth has decreased as much as 70 percent in some places, according to a study conducted by The University of Queensland, Australia, QU.

It’s not so much in industries that people willl notice the lack of reef growth, but “reefs serve as barriers,” said Dr. Daphne Fautin, a program officer at the National Science Foundation (NSF) and a professor of invertebrate zoology at the University of Kansas. “The places least damaged by the Southeast Asian tsunami were the places with the best developed coral reefs.”

According to QU, corals accumulate and produce calcium carbonate, set against the loss of carbonate through erosional processes. There are many causes of reef decay, Fautin said. One of the sources comes from increased levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. Increased carbon dioxide in the air means more CO2 in the water, said Fautin. Carbon dioxide in water makes carbonic acid and lowers the pH, which can lead to chronic stress in the corals. “Coral reefs do well in chronic stress if well established.”
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